Urinary symptoms in women could be confusing for any doctor. A range of urinary symptoms e.g. increased frequency of urination urgency of urination, incontinence, leakage of urine on coughing and straining, painful urination etc need to be evaluated in detail to arrive at a definitive diagnosis. Cases of injury to the urinary tract of women during childbirth or an unrelated operation (vesicovaginal fistula: VVF, Ureterovaginal Fistula) need surgical repair. Women with Stress incontinence need sling operations to save them of the misery of urinary incontinence.